The mitral valve separates the left atrium and the left ventricle.
It can be stenotic and not open well or regurgitant and leaky. Rheumatic
heart disease, myxomatous degeneration, endocarditis and atherosclerosis
are the major causes of mitral valve disease.
with aortic valve disease the replacement options are either mechanical
or tissue. However, in most cases of mitral regurgitation (leaky valve),
repair is possible, allowing the patient to retain the normal valvular
Mitral valve surgery
is performed at St. Luke's-Roosevelt through small incision in the side
allowing for quicker recovery and less pain.
Because almost 40% of patients with mitral valve disease have atrial
fibrillation, our surgeons frequently perform radiofrequency ablation
procedures at the time of the mitral valve operation. This allows patients
to avoid anticoagulation and remain in normal sinus rhythm.